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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 1: Effect of treatment on neuroinflammatory parameters. A: interleukin-6 (IL-6) level, B: nerve growth factor (NGF) level, C: nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) level, D: tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α level. Values are expressed as mean ± SEM. Compared with the NC group, *P<0.05, ***P<0.001; Compared with the NP group, ++P<0.01, +++P<0.001; Compared with the SI group, #P<0.05, ###P<0.001; Compared with the SP, $$$P<0.001. NC: normal control, NP: normal control treated with lead acetate, NPS: normal control animals treated with lead acetate & atomoxetine, NPC: normal control animals treated with lead acetate and Celastrus paniculatus oil, SI: social isolated, SP: social isolated animals treated with lead acetate, SPS: social isolated animals treated with lead acetate and atomoxetine, SPC: social isolated animals treated with lead acetate and Celastrus paniculatus oil.

Figure 1: Effect of treatment on neuroinflammatory parameters. A: interleukin-6 (IL-6) level, B: nerve growth factor (NGF) level, C: nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) level, D: tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α level. Values are expressed as mean ± SEM. Compared with the NC group, *<i>P</i><0.05, ***<i>P</i><0.001; Compared with the NP group, <sup>++</sup>P<0.01, <sup>+++</sup><i>P</i><0.001; Compared with the SI group, <sup>#</sup><i>P</i><0.05, <sup>###</sup><i>P</i><0.001; Compared with the SP, $$$<i>P</i><0.001. NC: normal control, NP: normal control treated with lead acetate, NPS: normal control animals treated with lead acetate & atomoxetine, NPC: normal control animals treated with lead acetate and <i>Celastrus paniculatus</i> oil, SI: social isolated, SP: social isolated animals treated with lead acetate, SPS: social isolated animals treated with lead acetate and atomoxetine, SPC: social isolated animals treated with lead acetate and <i>Celastrus paniculatus</i> oil.