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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 367-373

Biosensors: Types, features, and application in biomedicine

Biotechnology Research Center, Biotechnology Department, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Fatemeh Kazemi-Lomedasht
Biotechnology Research Center, Biotechnology Department, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran
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Source of Support: The authors received no extramural funding for the study, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2221-1691.354427

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Fast and precise diagnostic techniques are required for the treatment of many disorders. Biosensors are one of the diagnostic devices that are applicable in biological and medical sciences. Biosensors could be utilized to recognize biological molecules with high sensitivity. Biosensors are consisted of different components and have different types. Each type of biosensor is used in a particular field according to its specific features. Nanobodies are a novel class of antibodies with small size, high affinity, and specificity to their target. The unique properties of nanobodies make them appropriate tools for diagnostic applications. In this paper, we review biosensors, and their features and roles in medicine. Antibody/nanobody-based biosensors are also specifically discussed.

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