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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 53-59

Effects of the Syzygium aromaticum L. extract on antioxidation and inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase in human dermal fibroblast

1 Institute of Pharmaceutical Research and Development, College of Pharmacy, Wonkwang University, 460 Ikandae-ro, Iksan 570-749, Jeollabuk-do, Republic of Korea
2 Hanpoong Pharm. CO., Ltd, 333-24 1st Palbok-dong, Deokjingu, Jeonju 561-841, Jeonbuk, Republic of Korea

Correspondence Address:
Sung Yeon Kim
Wonkwang University, 460 Ikandae-ro, Iksan, Chunbuk
Republic of Korea
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2221-1691.250850

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Objective: To investigate cosmetic potential of Syzygium aromaticum L. (S. aromaticum L.) and to determine its antioxidant and anti-wrinkling effects. Methods: Using high-performance liquid chromatography, eugenol component was quantitated. The antioxidant activity of S. aromaticum L. was analyzed by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging and superoxide dismutase like activities. To determine cell viability, elastase and matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) activity, human dermal fibroblasts (HS68) were treated with S. aromaticum L. The inhibitory effect of S. aromaticum L. on tumor necrosis factor alpha induced MMPs expression in HS68 was analyzed by realtime-PCR. Results: The eugenol content was confirmed in S. aromaticum L. S. aromaticum L. was observed to have high 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity and superoxide dismutase like activity. S. aromaticum L. had no cytotoxicity against the HS68 and dose-dependently increased elastase inhibition. Moreover, S. aromaticum L. significantly decreased MMP-1 content and inhibited gene levels of MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3 and MMP-9. Conclusions: The findings suggest that S. aromaticum L. has great potential as a cosmeceutical ingredient with antioxidant and anti-wrinkling effects.

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