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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 116-122

Probiotic bacteria attenuates cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity through modulation of oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis in rats

1 Department of Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey
2 Department of Food Hygiene and Technology, Faculty of Veterinary, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey
3 Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Emin Sengul
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary, Ataturk University, Erzurum, 25100
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2221-1691.254605

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Objective: To investigate the effects of probiotic bacteria on cisplatin (CP)-induced nephrotoxicity. Methods: In the present study, 50 Sprague-Dawley rats were used and randomly divided into five groups including control, CP, probiotic bacteria treatment groups with different doses (0.5 and 1 mL) and only probiotic bacteria group. After CP and probiotic administration on seven days, rats sacrificed under anesthesia on the eighth day. The serum urea, creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen levels were analyzed. In renal tissue, malondialdehyde levels, superoxide dismutase and glutathione activity, interleukin-8, interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels were determined and histopathological and immunohistochemical changes were also examined. Results: According to results, urea, creatinine and blood urea nitrogen levels as well as kidney weights increased in CP group. Also, CP induced inflammation, oxidative stress, DNA damage and apoptosis in kidney tissue and caused histopathological changes. Administration of the high dose of probiotic bacteria could prevent these changes and damages. Conclusions: This study reveals that probiotic bacteria has protective effects on CP-induced renal damage in rats.

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