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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 10  |  Page : 415-423

Effect of alpha-lipoic acid supplementation on blood pressure, renal oxidant-antioxidant status and renal damage in spontaneously hypertensive rats


Department of Chemical Pathology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
KNS Sirajudeen
Department of Chemical Pathology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan
Malaysia
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Source of Support: This work is supported by Short Term Research Grant Scheme (304/ PPSP/6131496) provided by Universiti Sains Malaysia, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2221-1691.269523

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Objective: To investigate the effect of alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) supplementation on systolic blood pressure (SBP), renal oxidant-antioxidant status and renal damage in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and SHR administered with Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME). Methods: Male rats were divided into four groups (SHR, SHR+ALA, SHR+L-NAME, SHR+ALA+L-NAME). The respective group of rats was administered with ALA (100 mg/ kg/day) from age 4 weeks to 28 weeks and L-NAME (25 mg/kg/day) from age 16 weeks to 28 weeks. SBP was measured every two weeks and twenty four hour urine was collected at 4 weeks, 16 weeks and 28 weeks for estimation of protein, creatinine and N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase. At the end of 28 weeks, rats were sacrificed and blood and kidneys collected for assessment of blood creatinine, kidney thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, protein carbonyls, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, glutathione S-transferase, glutathione disulfide, glutathione, total antioxidant status and nitric oxide as well as histopathological examination. Results: ALA supplementation significantly reduced SBP of SHR and SHR+L-NAME rats when compared to their respective non-supplemented groups. Renal oxidant status markers including thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and protein carbonyls were significantly reduced on SHR and SHR+L-NAME rats supplemented with ALA at 28 weeks as well as ALA supplementation significantly increased renal antioxidants including superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione S-transferase, glutathione and glutathione/ glutathione disulfide ratio at 28 weeks. No significant change in nitric oxide levels was observed between the ALA supplemented and non-supplemented groups. Renal dysfunction was ameliorated on ALA supplementation as evidenced by significant reduction in urine protein levels, N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase activity and significant increase of creatinine clearance in SHR and SHR+L-NAME at 28 weeks. Renal histopathological examination showed that ALA supplementation prevented vascular damage in SHR and ameliorated glomerular damage in SHR+L-NAME at 28 weeks. Conclusions: ALA has hypotensive and renoprotective effects on both SHR and SHR+L-NAME, which could be due to its ability to ameliorate oxidative stress in the kidneys.


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