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BASIC RESEARCH
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 403-410

Protective and therapeutic potentials of Dunaliella salina on aging-associated cardiac dysfunction in rats


1 Plant Biochemistry Department, National Research Centre (NRC), 33 El Bohouth St. (Former El Tahrir St.), Dokki, Giza, P.O.12622, Egypt
2 Pharmacology Department, National Research Centre (NRC), 33 El Bohouth St. (Former El Tahrir St.), Dokki, Giza, P.O.12622, Egypt
3 Pharmacognosy Department, National Research Centre (NRC), 33 El Bohouth St. (Former El Tahrir St.), Dokki, Giza, P.O.12622, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Gehad A Abdel Jaleel
Pharmacology Department, National Research Centre, Giza
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2221-1691.239428

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Objective: To investigate the possible protective and/or therapeutic potentials of Dunaliella salina (D. salina) biomass, its carotenoid and polar fractions on cardiac dysfunction associated with D-galactose (D-GAL) induced aging in rats. Methods: Aging associated cardiac dysfunction was induced in rats by injection of D-GAL (200 mg/kg; i.p) for 8 weeks. D-GAL injected rats were treated with two regimens; protective regimen where D. salina biomass (250 mg/kg), its carotenoid (250 μg/kg) and polar (250 μg/kg) fractions were given orally for two weeks concurrently with D-GAL injection as well as treatment regimen where the three treatments were given orally for 28 consecutive days after D-GAL injection. Results: D-GAL injection for 8 weeks was accompanied with dramatic electrocardiographic changes as well as profound elevation in serum levels of homocysteine, creatinine kinase isoenzyme and lactate dehydrogenase in addition to the reduction of the cardiac content of glucose trasporter 4. D-GAL also induced reduction in cardiac superoxide dismutase activity and elevation of inducible nitric oxide synthetase and interleukin-6. On the other hand, oral administration of D. salina carotenoid fraction as well as the total biomass significantly attenuated the D-GAL-induced disturbances in the above mentioned parameters where the protective regimen appeared more successful in controlling the manifestations of cardiac dysfunction. The histopathological examination further emphasized the promising results. Besides, the HPLC analysis of the carotenoid fraction of D. salina revealed the presence of 2.31% β -carotene. Conclusions: D. salina carotenoid fraction as well as the total biomass ameliorate D-GAL-induced aging associated cardiac dysfunction which is attributed to the potent antioxidant activity of β -carotene.


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